A recent study has showed that periodontal disease could make some African Americans 4 times more likely to develop chronic kidney disease.
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth and most commonly affects African Americans. It has also been identified as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease.
In order to investigate this link, Vanessa Grubbs, MD (University of California, San Francisco) and her team of researchers analyzed 699 African American adults who had complete dental examinations.
According to their findings – During an average follow-up of 5 years, they saw 21 new cases of CKD and that participants with severe periodontal disease had a 4.2 greater incidence of CKD compared with those without severe periodontal disease. To ensure accuracy, This data takes into account other factors that could alter the results such as age, diabetes, hypertension, income, sex, and tobacco use.
“Because periodontal disease is common and can be prevented and treated, targeting it may be an important path towards reducing existing racial and ethnic disparities in chronic and end-stage kidney disease,” said Dr. Grubbs.
This study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2014.
Study: “The Association Between Periodontal Disease and Kidney Function Decline in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study” (Abstract FR-OR916)